Andrew Carnegie's Coat of Arms
Andrew Carnegie's Coat of Arms. The Index, 29 September 1906, 11.
In addition to many other belongings, Mr. Andrew Carnegie is the possessor of a coat of arms. It was not, to be sure, granted to an ancestor for prowess on the field of battle. It has a much more interesting history. Mr. Carnegie had no coat of arms, but, like the man of enterprise and originality that he is, he went to work and devised one, and then he got an artist to paint it high up on the walls of the splendid library in his fine New York mansion.
Upon the escutcheon there is a weaver's shuttle, because his father, William Carnegie, was a weaver; there is also a shoemaker's knife, because an ancestor not very remote worked at his trade of shoemaker. They say plainly that he has no desire to ignore his humble beginning and that he wishes to honor the memory of the weaver and the shoemaker, his forebears. Mr. Carnegie has a crown, for a crest, but it is reversed and surmounted by the cap of liberty. The supporters are the American and Scotch flags, and the motto is "Death to Privilege."
Mr. Carnegie, it may be mentioned makes liberal use of mottoes. Upon the walls of his library are seen the familiar lines, "He that dare not reason is a slave; he that cannot is a fool; he that will not is a bigot." "The present moment is our ain, the next we never see," is another legend. Upon the leather lounge where he takes his afternoon siesta is painted "Rest awhile," while above, upon the wall, we see the rollicking line, "There's a good time coming, boys."
Andrew Carnegie's family came from Dunfermline, borrowing eleven shillings from a friend to aid them to emigrate in 1847. The story is told regarding this loan that recently an American firm, doing business in London, asked its patrons to suggest ideas for the distribution of Andrew Carnegie's wealth. Mr. Henry D. Lennox, of Glasgow, advised that the millionaire repay a loan of eleven shillings made by his aunt to the Carnegies when they needed help. Mr. Lennox computed that, with interest, 9 pounds was due.
It seems that Mr. Carnegie called in person on the children of the benefactor and thanked them for the generosity of their mother. From minus eleven shillings to plus $350,000,000 is a story suggestive of the Arabian Nights.
* Mr. Arthur Davies, by email, notes that the
sum was actually £20 sterling, borrowed from Mrs. Carnegie's friend,
a Mrs. Henderson. Mr. Davies goes on to state that
the sum of £20, was also referenced to, in the stage play, written by
W.Gordon Smith, entitled 1835- 1985, Mr Carnegie's Lantern Lecture. The
play was commissioned by the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust to celebrate the
150th anniversary of the birth of Andrew Carnegie. The first performance was
given at the Carnegie Hall Dunfermline on August 1, 1985. The play then
transferred to the Edinburgh Festival of that year, and with the support
of the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust, became the chief element in the
repertoire of Cacciatore Fabbro productions at Stockbridge house.
[References: Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie; Burton J.
Hendrick, The Life of Andrew Carnegie; James MacKay,
Little Boss: A Life of Andrew Carnegie; Andrew
Carnegie's Own Story.] Mr. Davies' site is available at http://dunfermline.info/.